Real-time bidding (RTB) was first introduced to the online ad industry back in 2009. The aim was to create a more targeted way to advertise digital display ads (CPC, CPM). Advertisers are asked to bid for certain premium ad inventories supplied by publishers via ad networks, who act like a kind of stock exchange. Various advertisers offer different prices for the ad spots and the highest bid wins the space or the first impressions on the publishers channel. These auctions take place in the milliseconds it takes before a page loads — that’s what makes it real time.
In it’s simplest form, here is an example, for the CPM model: Advertiser A bids $1.50, Advertiser B bids $1.60, Advertiser C bids $1.52; B wins the bid and therefore he pays $1.60 for the ad space for 1,000 impressions.
Some ad networks also offer the SmartCPM model which is a form of dynamic CPM where the system determines the lowest price you will have to pay to get the best position.
Some ad networks also offer the SmartCPM model which is a form of dynamic CPM where the system determines the lowest price you will have to pay to get the best position, so using the previous example, but bidding on SmartCPM would give the following result:
Advertiser A bids $1.50, Advertiser B bids $1.60, Advertiser C bids $1.52
B wins the bid and therefore he pays $1.53 for the ad space for 1,000 impressions. This system allows you, when used wisely, to save time and guarantees you the best spot at the lowest price.
(Note: Be realistic with your budgets as targeting too many impressions with a large bid price and a small budget could increase the chances of an overspend.)
The advantages of RTB benefit both publishers and advertisers. Publishers obtain higher revenues on their inventory by opening up that inventory to a buying market designed to maximize the value of each individual impression. Advertisers get enhanced consumer targeting capabilities and premium ad placements meaning their ad spend goes further as they are not wasting budget on poorly-targeted impressions.
Being a top bidder will give you access to the freshest traffic and guarantee you those all important first impressions, but life as always is not as simple as we would like it to be.
I am one of ExoClick’s advertiser account managers and I work with advertisers helping them to maximize the impact of their campaigns using RTB. Try out my seven tips on how to control, manage and maintain your RTB campaigns.
Find The Best Sites To Bid On
Unless you have already identified the website that you want to bid on I recommend that you first run some campaigns on an ad network with the RON (run-of-network) selection. This initial test will reveal to you which sites will perform/convert better. Now go and study that website as there must be a reason why you are converting better on that site. Maybe its content is perfectly suited to the product you are advertising, it is being constantly updated with fresh content that is driving regular traffic to the site. Although the Alexa ranking is important, if you have a niche product the content on the site will be much more important to you because you will obtain quality traffic leading to better conversions.
Implement Your Tracking Pixel
So how do you ensure that you have the data in front of you to take you to the next stage which is analyzing what to bid on? You need to implement a conversion tracking system like tracking pixel. Think of the pixel as a cookie that the ad network’s system can use to give you the metrics you need to analyze and track how your campaign is going. Tracking will allow you to measure as well as predict the ROI and lifetime value of a customer. Tracking also allows you to re-target users.
Analysis For Decision Making
In an active, dynamic environment where the competition is very aggressive the key to stay on top is to analyze the information available to you. On ExoClick’s Campaign page for example you can analyze all the necessary metrics to check your goals (conversions) utilize clicks, CTR, impressions and the eCPA to see if your campaign is making money. That way you can judge if the amount you are intending to bid will give you a good return.
Make Your Bidding Targeted
The more optimization settings an ad network offers you, means you can really target your campaigns and not waste impressions and click opportunities. You can really play with targeting features to fine tune your campaign to reach quality traffic. But targeting can also help you widen your reach! For example, lets look at language targeting. Say you have a campaign aimed at the French market, instead of just bidding for French traffic why not also bid on French speaking Belgian and/or Canadian traffic? You will be able to reach a broader number of users that you may not have considered before.
Choose The Right Ad Network
No one likes to work with just anyone! So, choose the best ad network that suits your needs. Investigate, ask around on forums, see the volumes available and the targeting/optimization options offered. A premium RTB platform may be a bit more expensive at first sight, but in the end, it will always be more profitable as you will be accessing a premium service. Not only will there be more quality traffic available but the platform itself will be much better developed.
Give RTB time. Not only do you need to learn, but the ad network system also needs to learn your campaign and understand how you are bidding, on what you are bidding, your banner rotations, etc. Then the platform will use it’s powerful algorithms to determine your best options, so patience is needed before making any big decisions.
Go For It!
Only scale up your spending after analyzing the results and knowing that those are the results you are looking for.
Managing an RTB campaign can be very laborious but in the end it will pay off. It’s not just about investing money in the right channels but also about investing time in analytics, making tests, building up your traffic and knowing what that traffic will react to.
Nurture your campaigns as though they are your babies and success is guaranteed!
Filipe Rodrigues is an advertising account manager at ExoClick.com.